The word acne (Acne Vulgaris) comes from the word acme meaning “the highest point”, which comes from the Greek akme meaning “point” or “spot” – it was originally misspelt, with an ‘n’ rather than an ‘m’ in 1835. This is a skin condition that occurs when tiny holes in the skin, known as hair follicles, where an individual hair grows out of, become blocked. It usually happens during puberty when the sebaceous (oil) glands found near the surface of your skin come to life: the glands are stimulated by male hormones made by the adrenal glands of both females and male. Sebaceous glands oil the hair and the skin to stop it drying out. They do this by producing Sebum which is an oily substance. In acne, the glands begin to yield sebum in excess. The overabundance sebum mixes with dead skin cells and both substances form a plug in the follicle. A little hair grows through the follicle out of the skin. Pimples grow when these follicles get blocked, resulting in an accumulation of oil under the skin. If the blocked follicle is near to the surface of the skin, it will swell outwards, creating a whitehead. Alternatively, the plugged follicle can be open to the skin, creating a blackhead.Normally harmless bacteria that abide on the skin can then taint and infect the plugged follicles, producing pustules, papules, nodules or cysts.

What is Acne


Teenage acne is thought to be triggered by increased levels of  testosterone hormone, mainly during puberty . The hormone plays an significant role in stimulating the development and growth of testicles and penis in boys, and holding up bone and muscle strength in girls.

The sebaceous glands are particularly susceptible to hormones. It is thought that elevated degrees of testosterone cause the glands to produce much more sebum than the skin needs.More than 80% of cases of adult acne occur in women. It is thought that many cases of adult acne are originated by the alterations in hormone levels that many women have at certain times.

These times include:

During pregnancy some women could have an increasing level of acne during the first three months.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is a common status that can trigger acne along with weight gain and the formation of small cysts on the skin.

Other triggers are cosmetic products, smoking, medication such as steroid medication, anti-epileptic drugs, lithium, wearing on a regular basis items that put pressure on an affected area of skin, such as backpack or headband.

Smoking, can contribute to acne in older people too.

In a state of depression / anxiety the adrenal gland is activated and releases more testosterone that worsen acne. Massage when in distress is thought to be an effective way to keep your adrenal gland under control.

I was a puddle of relaxation after my massage–completely content. We all know that mental stress and acne can be related. Massage has been shown to calm the adrenal gland (which is activated during times of stress), a sure fire way to bring that stress under control. This is especially effective for women who make so much of their testosterone in the adrenal gland. Keeping testosterone in check helps control acne as well


If you do have sensitive skin, one of the most effective acne treatment for sensitive skin is altering your diet. Changing what you eat will affect your acne plus it will clear up other sensitive skin problems such as psoriasis  or eczema.

What we eat affects our skin condition, so if our diet includes food with artificial ingredients and toxins, is most likely the skin attempting to clear the body of this impurities will experience breakouts.

Many medication for acne contain harsh elements that dry out skin, which can be an issue when your have sensitive skin. Luckily there are acne treatments for sensitive skin, which will work without provoking an allergic reaction. If you do have sensitive skin, you should avoid products that contain salicyclic acid and benzoyl peroxide, as both of these ingredients can seriously inflame skin. Another natural  acne treatment for sensitive skin options could be aloe vera gel as well as tea tree oil. New high-tech treatment using light therapy are gentle enough for sensitive skin and have a superb track record of fighting acne. Wong recommends LED Light Therapy facials for its ability to heal skin tissue, calm inflammation and redness.

Avoiding scrubbing your skin and using a gentle, soap free hypoallergenic cleanser are also recommended acne treatments for sensitive skin.

Led light therapy facials are gentle enough for sensitive skin and its capacity to heal skin tissue, sooth inflammation and redness has a remarkable track record in fighting acne.


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